Home' Defence Technology Review : DTR DEC-JAN 2017 Contents COVER STORY
DEFENCE TECHNOLOGY REVIEW | ISSUE 27 | DEC/JAN 2017
be influenced by the US Navy’s (USN) own search for a Harpoon re-
placement, known as the Offensive Anti-Surface Warfare (OASuW)
Increment II program.
Lockheed Martin’s Long-Range Anti-Ship Missile (LRASM) is
under development for the USN and US Air Force (USAF) and will
fulfil the early OASuW Increment I requirement, with initial opera-
tional capability scheduled for 2018 on the US Air Force B-1 Lancer
bomber and 2019 on the USN F/A-18E/F Super Hornet.
The 500nm range LRASM will also be pitched at the OASuW In-
crement II requirement, but there are no known plans to develop
or field a version that can be fired from land-based platforms and
only air-launched and ship-launched/vertical launch system testing
of LRASM has been undertaken to date.
The other primary OASuW Increment II contender is the joint
Raytheon-Kongsberg Naval Strike Missile (NSM), which is in ser-
vice in the land-based ASM role (more below).
Potential solutions probably still on the periphery include, odd-
ly enough, the SM-6 air defence missile from Raytheon. In Janu-
ary this year SM-6 was successfully tested in the ASM role against a
decommissioned frigate. The US Department of Defense intends to
pursue the development of SM-6 as a dual-purpose missile capable
of also targeting ships at sea at very long range.
Key unknowns for Sea 4100 Phase 2 include whether the RAN
will realistically consider any option other than the ASM selected
by the USN for OASuW Increment II. Should the ADF then adopt
that same missile for air, surface and sub-surface launch, would an
alternative missile be considered solely for the land-based ASM role?
The selection process for Sea 4100 Phase 2 is, therefore, mul-
ti-layered and somewhat dependent on other related acquisition
programs both in Australia and overseas. Much might depend on
whether the Harpoon replacement selected by the RAN is available
in a truck-mounted or mobile launcher configuration.
With regard to candidate land-based ASM systems the current
standouts are the Kongsberg NSM Coastal Defence System (CDS),
the Exocet Mobile CDS from MBDA and the truck-launched version
of Saab’s RBS15 Mk 3 surface-to-surface missile.
The NSM CDS has been adopted by Poland for its Coastal Defence
Missile Battalion, where it equips two squadron-sized units, each of
which consists of six mobile launch vehicles. A complete squadron
includes the launch vehicles, mobile radar vehicles carrying the
150-300km Truck-mounted TRL 9/MOTS
INFLUENCERS - In-service systems with allied forces
- System selected for US Army Long-Range Precision Fires program
- Army Tactical Missile System (Lockheed Martin)
- Long Range Precision Fires (Raytheon or Lockheed Martin)
- Ground Launched Small Diameter Bomb (Saab-Boeing)
SEA 4100 PHASE 2
Deployable Land-Based ASM
TRS-15C ODRA-C medium-range 3D surveillance radar, battery
command vehicles, mobile command centres, command, control
and communications vehicles, resupply vehicles and other truck and
trailer-based support elements.
The contract to equip a second Polish Coastal Defence Missile Bat-
talion squadron with the NSM CDS was valued at around AUD$230
million in 2014.
The NSM travels at Mach 0.95, has a range in excess of 100nm and
a 120kg warhead.
MBDA’s Exocet MCDS uses the latest version of the Exocet MM40
Block 3 long-range ASM and comprises its own sensors (radar,
electro-optic systems, automatic identification system) needed for
autonomous operation and/or integration into a wider command,
control and communications network.
A single Exocet MCDS unit is made up of a mobile sensor vehicle,
mobile control vehicle and two mobile firing units, each equipped
with four Exocet MM40 Block 3 missiles. The Exocet MM40 Block 3
ASM has range of 108nm and features a new navigation package that
enables optimised 3D approach trajectories and terminal attacks
from different azimuths at very low sea-skimming altitudes with
Truck-mounted TRL 8-9/MOTS
RBS15 Mk 3 SSM
- ASM selected for the RAN under Sea 4100 Phase 1 to replace Harpoon
OASuW selected by US Navy to replace Harpoon
- Exocet Mobile Coastal Defence System (MBDA)
- Naval Strike Missile Coastal Defence System (Kongsberg)
- R BS15 Mk 3 surface-to-surface missile (Saab)
Long-Range Rocket System
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