Home' Defence Technology Review : DTR JUL 2016 Contents INNOVATIONS
DEFENCE TECHNOLOGY REVIEW | ISSUE 22 | JUL 2016
Russian news website Military Informant has released
images of a new Russian Army weaponised unmanned
ground vehicle (UGV) participating in an exercise near Kursk
Whilst no details were offered, the UGV appears to be
diminutive in size, with approximate dimensions of 1.8-2.0m
long, 1.2m wide and 1.5m in overall height.
Its rubber band tracks would reduce weight and noise
whilst still providing excellent all-terrain mobility, agility in
confined spaces and the ability to overcome man-made
terrain and obstacles that would hinder movement of similar-
size wheeled UGVs.
Given its apparent slab-sided/bolt-together external
construction, the UGV may have a modicum of armour
protection to shield vital system components against small
arms fire, thereby prolonging battlefield survivability and
Armament consists of a dual remote weapon system fitted
with a pair of medium-range anti-tank/anti-material rockets
and a 7.62mm machine gun.
In January this year, Russian arms manufacturer
Rosoboronexport announced it would begin seeking sales
on the international market for its Uran-9 multi-purpose
The Uran-9 is designed to provide unmanned
reconnaissance and fire support to combat units and
counter-terrorism teams. A complete system consists of
two reconnaissance and fire support UGVs, a truck for their
transportation and a mobile control post.
The Uran-9 is armed with a 2A72 30mm automatic cannon
and 7.62mm co-axial machine gun plus four launch tubes
for the 9M120 Ataka anti-tank guided weapon, although this
weapons mix can be customised to meet user requirements.
With a combat weight of around 10 tonnes, the highly
mobile Uran-9 is also equipped with a laser rangefinder and
sensors to enable accurate target detection, identification,
The US Navy (USN) has selected the Leonardo-
Finmeccanica Osprey X-band active electronically scanned
array (AESA) surveillance radar for its MQ-8C Fire Scout
rotary-wing unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV).
Awarded on 26 May, the US$5.8 million (AUD$7.9 million)
contract fulfils the requirement for a non-developmental
maritime search radar for the Fire Scout to provide increased
situational awareness and targeting information in support of
surface units. The USN plans to introduce 96 C model Fire
Scout UAVs into service.
Claimed as the world’s first lightweight airborne
surveillance radar to be built with no moving parts, Osprey is
based around a flat-panel antenna design, thereby opening
up the potential for installation on a wider number and type
of aircraft previously deemed unable to carry such a class of
radar, including UAVs.
The Osprey recently entered into production for Norway,
which purchased the system as part of its acquisition of
16 Leonardo-Finmeccanica AW101 naval helicopters for
the Norway All Weather Search And Rescue Helicopter
In the NAWSARH configuration, Osprey comprises three
flat panels, one on the front of the helicopter and two at the
rear, facing out at angles to create the 360° field-of-regard.
Space requirements are minimal and the helicopter’s fuselage
belly is left clear, maximising ground clearance for challenging
rescue landings on rough terrain.
Osprey also features persistent 360° field-of-view in a
lightweight package suitable for small platforms. Utilising the
tracking and engagement.
With these and other developments, it is clear that Russia
is leading the world in the field of weaponised UGVs. Unlike
Western forces, which have barely moved forward since
the widespread introduction of shotguns on UGVs for
unexploded ordnance disposal a decade ago, the Russian
military complex seems to have overcome the moral and
technological issues surrounding the arming of UGVs for
– Ian Bostock
New Russian UGV spotted
Radar selected for MQ-8C Fire Scout
ABOVE: Two video stills of the new Russian Army UGV
photographed during Exercise Atom 2016, near Kursk.
Images: Military Informant
BELOW: Russia is seeking first export sales of the ground-
breaking Uran-9 weaponised UGV.
ABOVE: TThe US Navy has selected the Osprey maritime
surveillance radar for the MQ-8C Fire Scout UAV. Image: US Navy
DCNS signs composites MoU
French shipbuilder DCNS has signed a memorandum
of understanding (MoU) with local composites specialist
Quickstep as an early milestone in its Australian industry
capability plan for the Future Submarine program.
The MoU will see Quickstep produce representative
demonstrator components and assemblies to validate
their technology for incorporation into the DCNS Shortfin
Barracuda Block 1A diesel-electric submarine design
selected by Australia in April as the replacement for the Royal
Australian Navy’s (RAN) Collins-class.
Quickstep is an Australian company with a proven
track record in advanced composites manufacturing and
technology development, with sub-contract work undertaken
for large primes such as Lockheed Martin, Northrop
Grumman, Airbus, Thales and BAE Systems.
The MoU with Quickstep is an early example of the kind of
high-technology support network that DCNS is building in
Australia in order to “develop a sovereign industrial capability
in submarine technology in coming years,” DCNS Australia
chief executive officer Sean Costello said on 24 May.
DCNS sees innovation as critical for building and
sustaining the capability Australian industry requires to deliver
the type of technology solutions over vessel life-of-type that
will provide a regionally superior submarine for the RAN.
– Staff Reporters
Russia is leaving the West behind in the development and maturation
of unmanned ground combat platforms.
latest in electronic scanning technology, meaning that it uses
electronic-only means to direct the radar beam, the radar
moves from target to target in fractions of a second. Because
of the speed of these changes in direction, the Osprey is able
to provide simultaneous coverage in multiple directions.
– Staff Reporters
RIGHT: DCNS will seek to
build an innovation-rich
Australian industry support
network to underpin the
Future Submarine capability.
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