Home' Defence Technology Review : DTR JUN 2016 Contents 31
DEFENCE TECHNOLOGY REVIEW | ISSUE 21 | JUN 2016
The launcher provides CAMM-ER with pre-launch targeting in-
formation based on track data from a suitable radar sensor. Target
updates to in-flight missiles via a secure data link further improve
capability against stressing, manoeuvring threats.
A confirmed respondent to the RFI, Saab proposed a solution that
includes a mix of missile, gun, sensor and C4I systems to meet a
wide range of operational requirements. The package would com-
prise an upgrade for the Giraffe AMB radar and updating the RBS-
70 to NG (New Generation) standard, and integrating the Giraffe X1
radar and Giraffe Information System.
The core elements of the Saab-supplied component of the RFI of-
• The Giraffe AMB radar system – facilitating the airspace man-
agement, ground-based air and missile defence (GBAMD),
C-RAM and weapon locating missions;
• The Giraffe 1X radar system to provide land force manoeuvre
force elements with an organic sensor capability and supporting
all GBAMD missions;
• The Giraffe Information System to act as the backbone of the
scalable and modular command and control system;
• The RBS 70 NG missile system, building upon the Common-
wealth’s previous investment to provide a highly mobile,
man-portable and organic GBAMD capability for land manoeu-
vre force elements
Saab’s position is that it is already the supplier of the bulk of the
Army’s GBAD equipment, that it is cost effective and low-risk to up-
grade the existing Giraffe/RBS-70 combination, and that doing so
would not discard 16 Air Land Regt’s relevant experience or its stock
of Bolide missiles.
According to Saab, the ADF could cost-effectively upgrade its
existing RBS-70 sights to the RBS-70 NG sights which have an au-
to-tracking function that removes the burden of hitting the target
from the operator. The RBS-70 NG sights are also able to be fully
integrated onto any vehicle which provides the ADF with a cost-ef-
fective, mobile GBAD capability.
Saab is in ongoing discussions with Rheinmetall for the gun-
based C-RAM option, specifically based on the 35mm Millenni-
um Gun as best of breed, and although it does not offer a medium
range air defence missile Saab has held discussions with suppliers of
medium-range systems. On both accounts no formal agreements
are yet in place.
In the meantime, the company is negotiating with Army to
substantially upgrade the existing Giraffe AMB radars to provide
a range of enhanced capabilities. Many of these capabilities are
inherent to the Giraffe system but were not initially acquired due to
the UOR method of acquisition.
Rafael Advanced Defense Systems has confirmed that its pro-
posed solution is based on the Iron Dome C-RAM/Very Short
Range Air Defence (V-SHORAD) system in service with the Israel
Defense Forces. As a C-RAM platform, Rafael maintains Iron Dome
has successfully intercepted 90 per cent of its targets with in excess of
1,700 launches, and has a 10km range against conventional manned
and unmanned, fixed and rotary-wing aircraft. Each truck or trail-
er-mounted launcher carries 20 interceptor missiles.
Rafael’s view is that Iron Dome is already in service, can easily
integrate into existing C4I architecture and is able to defeat any of
the Army’s defined nominal threats for approximately one tenth the
cost of other missile-based C-RAM or GBAD systems.
In April 2011 Iron Dome made its combat debut after successfully
intercepting several Grad rockets that were fired from the Gaza Strip
at southern Israel. It has since then intercepted more than 150 rock-
ets that were fired from the Gaza Strip at protected areas in Israel.
Raytheon Australia will offer a low-cost solution based upon the
proven Ray theon /Kongsberg National Advanced Surface-to-Air
Missile System (NASAMS). NASAMS and NASAMS 2 have been
ordered by seven nations including the US, Norway, Finland, Spain
and the Netherlands and is currently being delivered to Oman. Since
2005, NASAMS has been part of Washington, DC’s ‘National Capi-
tol Area’ air defence system.
The Surface Launched Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Mis-
sile (AMRAAM) (SL-AMRAAM) is the United States Army’s do-
mestic variant. NASAMS and SL-AMRAAM are surface-launchers
for Raytheon’s AIM-120 AMRAAM missile, coupled with an active
3D radar and electro-optical and infra-red sensors. The system is a
medium-range package, offering both towed and vehicle-based ef-
fectors and is air transportable.
According to a Raytheon Australia spokesperson, a NASAMS
solution would leverage in-service US C4 interoperability. As NA-
SAMS uses a common launch rail, it could also make effective use of
CAMM-ER IS A LATE-GENERATION SUPERSONIC MEDIUM-RANGE
MISSILE THAT IS CAPABLE OF OPERATING AS EITHER A STAND-ALONE
UNIT OR INTEGRATED WITHIN A BATTLESPACE NETWORK
ABOVE: Saab will seek to leverage off the in-service record of
its RBS-70 man-portable SHORAD system through upgrading to
the latest RBS-70 NG configuration (shown). Image: Saab
ABOVE: The soft vertical launch characteristics of CAMM/
CAMM-ER enable ready concealment, launch from complex
terrain and 360° sector coverage. Image: MBDA
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