Home' Defence Technology Review : DTR OCT 2014 Contents 17
DEFENCE TECHNOLOGY REVIEW | ISSUE 03 | OCT 2014
Boeing and the US Army have demonstrated the
capabilities of the High Energy Laser Mobile Demonstrator
(HEL MD) system during recent demonstrations in a maritime
environment at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida.
HEL MD’s primary mission is as a counter rocket, artillery
and mortar (C-RAM) platform. Boeing hopes HEL MD
will further validate how directed energy technologies can
augment traditional kinetic strike weapons at significantly
Requiring just two crew members, the principal cost driver
of the HEL MD once in service is diesel fuel, as the laser
system can fire repeatedly without expending munitions or
requiring additional manpower. HEL MD is mounted on an
Oshkosh Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Truck.
Utilising a 10 kilowatt (kW), high energy laser, the HEL MD
successfully engaged more than 150 aerial targets during the
including 60mm mortar
rounds and unmanned
aerial vehicles (UAV).
The engagements were
conducted in windy, rainy and foggy weather conditions,
proving, according to Boeing, the HEL MD’s ability to
consistently acquire, track and engage targets in a variety of
During 2013 testing at White Sands Missile Range, New
Mexico, HEL MD destroyed more than 70 mortar rounds and
an Outlaw UAV.
The next step for the HEL Technology Demonstrator Phase
II program will be to install a 50 or 60kW laser on HEL MD
to demonstrate counter RAM and UAV capability at this
tactically significant power level.
– Matthew Mendenhall
New technology to control bleeding from gunshot wounds
has received US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
XStat, from medical device company RevMedx, is a first-
in-kind haemostatic device designed to stem blood flow
from junctional wounds in the groin or axilla not amenable to
Intended as a temporary measure for use up to four hours
until surgical care is acquired, the FDA reviewed XStat via its
de novo classification process, a regulatory pathway for novel,
low or moderate risk medical devices that are first-of-a-kind or
have no precedent.
“XStat is a novel device that can be rapidly deployed,
providing fast-acting haemorrhage control to stabilise a
wounded patient for transport,” said Christy Foreman,
director of the Office of Device Evaluation at the FDA’s
Center for Devices and Radiological Health. “This will be an
important new treatment option for our nation’s military to
treat injured soldiers who may not be in close proximity to a
With uncontrolled external haemorrhage the leading
cause of death on the battlefield, XStat was designed to
plug penetrating wounds to the junctional areas of the
body – where the legs or arms meet the torso – caused by
projectiles or shrapnel.
XStat works by injecting a bundle of small, rapidly-
expanding sponges into a wound cavity using a syringe-like
applicator. In a wound, the XStat sponges expand and swell
to fill the wound cavity within 20 seconds of contact with
blood. This creates a temporary barrier to blood flow and
provides haemostatic pressure.
With that ‘hands-free’ application of pressure, the combat
medic is then free to continue to work on other wounds or
attend to another casualty. Each sponge contains an x-ray
detectable marker to aid in surgical removal.
DTR understands that XStat has been fielded by US
special operations units.
– Mario Attopardi
Boeing showcases firepower
of mobile laser
Novel approach to
Mounted on an Oshkosh high
mobility 8x8 truck, the HEL MD is
pictured during demonstrations
in low visibility conditions at Eglin
Air Force Base, Florida.
BELOW: The HEL MD beam
control system. Images: Boeing
New Russian combat helmet
Russia’s Central Research Institute for Precision Machine
Building (TsNIITochMash) has unveiled a new helmet for
Russian combat forces.
Developed as part of the Russian Army’s Ratnik (Warrior)
future soldier systems program, the new 6B47 helmet weighs
just 1kg bare, making it suitable for infantry, paratroopers and
special forces soldiers.
Oleg Faustov, chief designer of military and combat
equipment systems for TsNIITochMash, told local newspaper
VPK that “Even with all of its defensive attributes, the helmet
weighs less than its American counterpart, which is smaller
but weighs 1.5 kilograms”.
TsNIITochMash developed technology to create a hard-
dome helmet without any deterioration of the ballistic fabric,
a first for Russian industry, according to Faustov. “Previously,
aramid fabrics were inundated with special compounds and
then pressed to form a plastic. But this plastic was always
less effective than the original layers. Our helmet has a hard
outer shell with layers of unadulterated aramid ballistic fabric
underneath,” he explained.
The Russian Ministry of Defense and TsNIITochMash
intend to complete testing of the 6B47 by the end of the
year, including evaluations in a variety of temperature and
environmental conditions. The helmet is expected to provide
soldier protection in temperature ranges of -50 to 50 degrees
Celsius and in rain, snow and saltwater.
If the tests go according to plan, the 6B47 will commence
initial roll-out to troops in early 2015. – Matthew Mendenhall
Development continues for long-range ASM
Lockheed Martin has received a US$200 million contract
from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
(DARPA) to continue integration and testing activities on its
Long Range Anti-Ship Missile (LRASM).
The contract will involve work to prepare the LRASM
for integration and use from US Navy (USN) F/A-18E/F
Super Hornet strike fighters and US Air Force (USAF) B-1B
bombers before initial production of missiles begins in FY
LRASM is an autonomous, precision-guided anti-ship
standoff missile which leverages the airframe of the in-service
AGM-158B Joint Air-to-Surface Standoff Missile – Extended
Range (JASSM-ER). LRASM will meet the joint USN and
USAF requirement for an Offensive Anti-Surface Weapon.
Developed in conjunction with DARPA and the Office of
Naval Research, LRASM aims to incorporate sensors and
systems to create a stealthy and survivable subsonic anti-
ship cruise missile with reduced dependence on intelligence,
surveillance and reconnaissance platforms, network links
and GPS navigation in electronic warfare environments to
strike targets from well outside the engagement envelope
of their direct counter-fire weapons. LR ASM will also
employ active and passive survivability features to penetrate
a ship’s advanced integrated air defense systems and
LRASM is being developed in both surface-launched and
air-launched versions to prosecute sea-based targets at
stand-off ranges that are significant. According to DARPA,
that range is greater than 200nm (370km), even though
JASSM-ER has a range of more than 500nm (926km).
LRASM made its first flight in August 2013. This has since
been followed by successful launches from Mk 41 Vertical
Launch Systems at sea.
– Mario Attopardi
The LRASM will fill the near-term requirement for an offensive
anti-surface warfare capability. Image: DARPA
RIGHT: The larger
of the two XStat
into a wound. Image:
of how the XStat
on contact with
blood to fill a
wound cavity and
The new 6B47
helmet is claimed
to be 500g lighter
than its US
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